The Fan Hitch   Volume 19, Number 1, December 2016

          Journal of the Inuit Sled Dog                                    
In This Issue....

From the Editor: Of Sledge Dogs and Bulldogs


The Qimuksiq Network

A Hunt for the Greenlandic Sled Dog’s Soul

The Arctic Nomads Post-Symposium Report
 
Bulldog with a Short Snout

Book Review: The World of Tivi Etok

IMHO: Staying the Path
 


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Ordering Ken MacRury's Thesis

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Defining the Inuit Dog


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Editor: Sue Hamilton
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Book Review....

                                                              photo: Robert Fréchette

The World of Tivi Etok:

The Life and Art of an Inuit Elder from Kangiqsualujjuaq, Nunavik

reviewed by Sue Hamilton

Tivi Etok (Ittuk) was born on the land in 1929 when the region was known as Northern Quebec (now Nunavik, Canada). In his own words and expressed in his remarkable artistry, this book reveals his wisdom and a view of Etok’s world gained through his life experiences. Readers get to know what Inuit nomadic existence was like before settlement into hamlets.

Etok speaks about growing up in a traditional camp away from the realm of non-Inuit. He explains how he learned to hunt as a child and to follow the rituals celebrating his first successes. He goes on to describe sickness, starvation, death, meeting qallunait (white men), difficult travel by dog team, smart dogs and stupid dogs, apprehension of moving into the settlement of Kangiqsualujjuaq, wrestling with the concept of kids being sent away from their parents to attend school.

Readers learn of the changes Etok experienced over time, participating in the development of the co-op system while being a full time hunter and, of course, development of his renown artistic skills, his magnificent drawings and stone cut prints. Etok is also forthright about the dark period in his life when he gave in to alcohol, describing its crippling effects and then his successful emergence out of its grasp.

The World of Tivi Etok is written in three languages: Inuttitut syllabics, French and English, each in its own section. But appearing from cover to cover is a generous collection of archival and recent photographs of people and landscapes and many of Etok’s beautiful artistic creativity, all captioned in three languages. His skilled and imaginative stone cuts and drawings and their interpretations are at the heart of what Tivi Etok is all about. They represent examples of activities he and his family experienced as well as his view of the spiritual world of legends and the supernatural which held much significance for him, windows into a very rich, story-telling culture.


Tivi’s father taught him that when hunting caribou, a great bull caribou would protect the females with young by attacking the hunter.  If the hunter required much meat, he was to kill the young caribou first, even though this could mean that the bull would become vicious and fight the hunter to his death.

Stonecut; 21-3/8 x 29-3/8; 1975, #4

                                                                                                  Tivi Etok


It was said that in ancient times, a creature resembling a polar bear rose from the sea. A hunter saw it, and ran to his village shouting: “Oh Great Spirits help us.” The seas crashed onto the shore as the great creature emerged, and the land was covered in darkness. But the time for the destruction of the people had not come, and the land opened under the Thing, and it was gone.                                                  
Stonecut; 21-3/8 x 29-3/8; 1979, #9

                                                                                 Tivi Etok

Click for this book's Table of Contents.

The World of Tivi Etok: The Life and Art of an Inuit Elder from Kangiqsualujjuaq, Nunavik (in his own words as told to Molly Emudluk and Jobie Weetalutuk), 978-2-89544-099-4, 2008, is 210 pages long; 8.25 inches x 8.5 inches in hard cover; with a map, sixty-one archival and twenty-four modern photographs and twenty-eight examples of Tivi Etok’s artistry, some in color. Currently out of stock at Publications Nunavik (Avataq Cultural Institute), but found for sale at GoodMinds.com, Abe Books.co.uk, AbeBooks.com. This book may be difficult to come by, but it sure would be worth the effort to own one.
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