The Fan Hitch Volume 3, Number 3, June 2001

Official Newsletter of the Inuit Sled Dog International

Table of Contents

From the Editor
*
Featured Inuit Dog Owner: Brian and Linda Fredericksen
*
Lake Nipigon - Solo
*
Inuit Dogs in New Hampshire, Part II
*
The Inuit Dogs of Svalbard
*
Update: Uummannaq Children's Expedition
*
Update: Iqaluit Dog Team By-Law is Official
*
Poem: Instinct
*
The Homecoming: Epilogue
*
Product Review: Sock Sense
*
Tip for the Trail: Wet Equals Cold
*
Janice Howls: More Than Meets the Eye
*
Page from a Behaviour Notebook: Hunting


Navigating This Site

Index of articles by subject

Index of back issues by volume number

Search The Fan Hitch


Articles to download and print

Ordering Ken MacRury's Thesis

Our comprehensive list of resources

Talk to The Fan Hitch

The Fan Hitch home page

ISDI home page


Editor's/Publisher's Statement
Editor-in-Chief: Sue Hamilton
Webmaster: Mark Hamilton
Print Edition: Imaged and distributed by the IPL students of the Ulluriaq School, Kangiqsualujjuaq, Nunavik
The Fan Hitch, Journal of the Inuit Sled Dog International, is published four times a year. It is available at no cost online at: http://thefanhitch.org.

Print subscriptions: in Canada $20.00, in USA $23.00, elsewhere $32.00 per year, postage included. All prices are in Canadian dollars. Make checks payable in Canadian dollars only to "Mark Brazeau", and send to Mark Brazeau, Box 151 Kangiqsualujjuaq QC J0M 1N0 Canada. (Back issues are also available. Contact Sue Hamilton.)


The Fan Hitch
welcomes your letters, stories, comments and suggestions. The editorial staff reserves the right to edit submissions used for publication.


Contents of The Fan Hitch are protected by international copyright laws. No photo, drawing or text may be reproduced in any form without written consent. Webmasters please note: written consent is necessary before linking this site to yours! Please forward requests to Sue Hamilton, 55 Town Line Rd., Harwinton, Connecticut  06791, USA or mail@thefanhitch.org


The Inuit Sled Dog International

The Inuit Sled Dog International (ISDI) is a consortium of enthusiasts whose goal is the preservation of this ancient arctic breed in its purest form as a working dog. The ISDI's efforts are concentrated on restoring the pure Inuit Dog to its native habitat. The ISDI's coordinators welcome to your comments and questions.

ISDI Coordinator Canada:
Geneviève Montcombroux, Box 206, Inwood, MB R0C 1P0; gmontcombroux@gmail.com
ISDI Coordinator USA:
Sue Hamilton, 55 Town Line Road, Harwinton, CT 06791, mail@thefanhitch.org
Iqaluit Dog Team By-Law is Officially on the Books

by Sue Hamilton

After much deliberation, discussion and hard work, the Canadian Inuit Dog and Dog Team By-Law for the Town of Iqaluit, Nunavut was officially adopted and put into effect earlier this Spring.  This 5,000+ word joint effort of Municipality officials, dog team owners and other citizens appears below in its entirely (except for the appendices).  Huge thanks to Iqaluit resident and dog team owner Ken MacRury for making this available to the Fan Hitch.
 

   THE CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF IQALUIT  BY-LAW # 537

CANADIAN INUIT  DOG  AND DOG TEAM  BY-LAW

WHEREAS public safety is the utmost concern of the City.

WHEREAS there is potential danger to humans by nature of both Dogs and Dog Team Activity.

WHEREAS the Canadian Inuit Dog is the last indigenous dog to North America and is rare and distinct.

WHEREAS the Canadian Inuit Dog and Dog Team activity have been an integral part of the survival and flourishing of  Inuit   and are an integral part of the City of Iqaluitís unique character and its economic and tourism development.

WHEREAS the Canadian Inuit Dog  is recognized as the official animal of Nunavut by the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut.

WHEREAS  the City wishes to manage the inherent risk and the preservation of Canadian Inuit Dogs and Dog Team activities through thoughtful and reasonable regulation and enforcement. 

WHEREAS the Cities, towns, and Villages Act R.S.N.W.T. 1988 C-8 Section 115 and Section 116 provides for the passage of By-laws to control, license and the prevention of cruelty to animals.

WHEREAS the City wishes to acknowledge and reference that it has a Domestic Animal Control By-law for the control, license and prevention of cruelty to domestic animals.

BEING A BY-LAW of the Municipality of Iqaluit, Nunavut to provide for public safety and the preservation of Canadian Inuit Dogs and Dog Team activities through responsible management, regulation and enforcement.

NOW THEREFORE PURSUANT to the provision of the Cities, Towns and Villages Act, the Council of the Municipality of Iqaluit, Nunavut at the regular session duly assembled, enacts as follows:

SEVERABILITY

If any provision of the By-law is declared invalid because of any word, phrase, clause, sentence, paragraph or section of the By-law or any documents which form part of the By-law or an application thereof to any person or circumstance is declared invalid, the remaining provisions shall not be affected thereby but shall remain in force.

SECTION 1 - SHORT TITLE

1. This By-law shall be known and may be cited as the Canadian Inuit Dog By-law of the Municipality of Iqaluit.
 
 

SECTION 2 -  INTERPRETATION

In this By-law the following terms (unless the context specifically requires otherwise) shall have the following meanings:
"Animal Control Officer" shall mean a By-law Officer appointed by the Municipality to do any act or perform any duties under this By-law and includes a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and, when authorized, a Special Constable and any person acting under the authority of an Animal Control Officer.
"At Large" shall mean where a Dog is at any place other than the Property of the Owner or Designated Dog Team Area and is not being carried by any Person or is not otherwise restrained by a Permitted Leash held by a person capable of controlling the dog and that leash is attached to a choke chain, collar, or harness securely holding that Dog;
"City" shall mean the legally incorporated Municipality, Town or City of Iqaluit. 
"Canadian Inuit Dog" shall mean any dog that has the general physical characteristics of the official animal of Nunavut (as identified by the Government of Nunavut) and/or of the recognized breed with the Canadian Kennel Club and/or the Inuit Sled Dog International and/or The Canadian Eskimo Dog Association. 
"Council" shall mean the Council of the Municipality of Iqaluit.
"Designated Dog Team Area" shall mean an area designated in accordance to this By-law and listed in Appendix "G" and additions thereto  for the keeping of one or more Dog Teams.
"Dog" shall mean a Canadian Inuit Dog or a Dog Team Dog.
"Dog Team" shall mean a Dog Team Dog  or any number of Dog Team Dogs used for pulling a sled or qamutik or a wheeled vehicle be it for traditional activities, and/or recreational activities, and/or sport, and/or expeditions, and/or tourism activities (outfitting, eco-tourism).
"Dog Team Activities" shall mean those activities of using Dog Team Dogs for pulling a sled or qamutik or wheeled vehicle be it for traditional activities, and/or recreational activities, and/or sport, and/or expeditions, and/or tourism activities (outfitting, eco-tourism).
"Dog Team Dogs" shall mean those Canadian Inuit Dogs,  and any other Dog that would reasonably be considered to be a Dog Team Dog by virtue of similar appearance or similar function  to traditional dog team dogs, registered by a Dog Team Owner as being a part of a Dog Team.  Dog Team Dogs shall include all puppies under the age of six months that have not been registered.
"Dog Team Owner" shall mean person, persons, proprietorship or body corporate that owns, cares for and uses a Dog Team Dog  for Dog Team Activities.
"Designated Dog Team Routes"  shall mean access and egress routes to and from  Designated Dog Team Areas as identified along with respective  Designated Dog Team Areas in Appendix "G" and amendments thereto.
"Identification Tag" shall mean a tag issue by the Municipality to identify Dog Team Dogs.
"License" shall mean a License issued by the Town in accordance to the provisions of this By-law.
"License Tag" shall mean an identification tag issued by the Town showing the license number for a specific  Dog in a Dog Team.
"Microchip" shall mean a microchip device inserted sub-cutaneously into a Dog Team Dog for identification purposes.
"Municipality" shall mean the legally incorporated Town or City of Iqaluit.
"Municipal Dog Shelter" shall mean premises designated by the Municipality for the impoundment and care of dogs.
"Original Dog Team Designated Area" shall mean the original list of Designated Dog Team Areas as approved by Council in Appendix "G" of this By-law upon the adoption by Council of this By-law.
"Person" shall mean an individual, individuals, proprietorship or body corporate.
"Planning Committee of Council" shall mean the committee of Council established in accordance with the Council Procedures Bylaw.
"Possession" shall mean having physical or effective control of a Dog or a Dog Team; or having given physical or effective control of a Dog or Dog Team to another person for the purpose of controlling the Dog or Dog Team for a period of time.
"Rabid Dog" shall mean any dog suspected of or having rabies.
"Tether" shall mean a chain or other similar device used to restrain a Dog.
"Town" shall mean the legally incorporated Municipality, Town or City of Iqaluit.
"Town Dog Shelter" shall mean premises designated by the Town or City for the impoundment and care of dogs.
"Vicious Dog" shall mean any Dog with a known propensity, tendency or disposition to attack, without provocation, any person or animal  notwithstanding the territorial nature of the Dog;
"Violation Ticket" shall mean a ticket as defined in the Summary Conviction Procedures Act, as amended.

SECTION 3 - NUNAVUT LAND CLAIMS AGREEMENT
1. In accordance to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, this By-law shall not impose on any Inuk, as defined by the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, any form of license or permit or impose any form of tax or fee if a Dog Team is used for harvesting purposes.
2. In order to be exempt from any form of license or permit or any form of tax or fee that may be imposed under this By-law, an Inuk must make a declaration in accordance to Appendix "F" of this By-law that he or she is using is or her Dog or Dog Team for harvesting purposes.
3. An Inuk, as defined by the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, shall not be exempt from any other aspect of this By-law.

SECTION 4 - EXEMPTION FROM ANIMAL CONTROL BY-LAW
1. Dogs that are registered in accordance to this By-law shall be exempt from the Animal Control By-law or any of its successors. 

SECTION 5 - DOG CONTROL PROVISIONS 
1. No Person shall release any Dog from the Town Dog Shelter or a vehicle in which a dog has been placed after seizure without having first been authorized to do so by a Dog Control Officer.
2. No Person shall untie, loosen or otherwise free a Dog that is in the custody or control of a Dog Control Officer.
3. No Person shall alter, deface, or damage the figures, letters or markings of any dog tag issued under this By-law.
4. An Owner shall not permit or suffer to permit a Dog to be At Large.
5. An Owner whose Dog unreasonably barks or howls so as to disturb the quiet, peace and repose of any person is guilty of an offense.
6. An Owner of any Dog which has damaged any Public Property Area or private property not the Property of the Owner within the municipal boundaries of the Town is guilty of an offense.
7. The Town may post signs indicating Public Property Areas where Dogs are not permitted, and an Owner whose Dog is in a Public Property area where a sign may prohibit the presence of Dogs, whether At Large or under the control of such Owner, is guilty of an offense.
8. An Owner of a Dog, whether in care and control of the Dog or not, may be guilty of an offense if such Dog without being provoked:
a) attacks,  threatens, or injures any Person; or,
b) chases any person while such Person is on foot or bicycle; or,
c) attacks, injures or kills any animal belonging to any other Person.
9. Any Person who kills a Dog of which he is not the Owner may be guilty of an offense.  This section does not apply to: a Dog Control Officer acting pursuant to this By-law.
10. Where a dog defecates on any public property or private property other than the property of the Owner or a Designated Dog Team Area, the owner shall immediately cause such defecation to be removed in a sanitary manner.
11. An Owner of a Dog shall ensure that when that Dog is in a Vehicle that the Dog is either enclosed within the Vehicle or if the Dog is in the uncovered box of a truck that the Dog is tethered in such a manner as to ensure that the Dog can not fall out of or otherwise escape the truck.
12. Any Person interfering with, hindering or impeding a Dog Control Officer in the performance of any duty authorized by this By-law is guilty of an offense.
13. Any person may take charge of any dog or dogs At Large and as soon as possible deliver the dog or dogs to a Dog Control Officer.

SECTION 6 -VICIOUS DOGS
1. Any dog shall be deemed to be vicious or a public nuisance if it has made an unprovoked attack upon any Person or domesticated animal in the course of which such Person or animal is bitten or injured or where such Person suffers damage to his/her clothing or personal  property.
2. In the event that a Dog is determined to be a Vicious Dog pursuant to this  By-law, the Vicious Dog provisions of this By-law shall apply upon the Owner of a Vicious Dog receiving written notice that the Dog has been determined to be a Vicious Dog.
3. An Owner of a Vicious Dog shall keep the Dog confined within a Municipality-approved secure enclosure.
4. An Owner of a Vicious Dog, while outside the Designated Dog Team Area and while outside a Municipality-approved secure enclosure,  with a Vicious Dog, shall have the Dog muzzled and on a Municipality-approved leash held and controlled by the Owner.
5. Any dog deemed to be a Vicious Dog, such dog shall, in the public interest, be forthwith quarantined by the owner for ten days and if found to be rabid, destroyed.
6. An agent of the Municipality may enter, at any time, the property where a vicious dog is kept to ascertain that the provisions of this By-law are being complied with.
7. Any owner of a Vicious Dog must prevent, at all times, the dog from being At Large.  If such Dog is found At Large, it may - where it is deemed by the Animal Control Officer to be a clear and immediate  threat to human life -  immediately destroyed by the Animal Control Officer.
8. When a Vicious Dog is off the owner's property, the owner shall securely muzzle such animal and either harness it or leash it securely to effectively prevent it from attacking or biting a Person or another animal.

SECTION 7 - REGISTRATION AND LICENSING PROVISIONS
1. Every Dog Team Owner shall register his or her Dog Team and annually re-new his or her registration by the 15th of January with the Municipality in accordance to the fee schedule set out in Appendix "A".
2. Each Dog that is part of a Dog Team, except for puppies under the age of six months, shall be registered as part of a Dog Team.
3. No person shall own a Dog Team within the Municipality unless the Dog Team is registered in accordance with this By-law.
4. A Dog Team Owner who does not register or who fails to renew his or her annual registration is guilty of an offense. 
5. A Dog Team Owner shall provide to the Municipality the following information when registering a Dog Team:
a)  Name, telephone number and street address of the Owner.
b)  Name and description of the Dog Team Dogs.
c)  Proof of vaccination for all Dog Team Dogs in accordance to this By-law.
d)  The whereabouts of the Designated Dog Team Area(s) where the Dog Team will be kept throughout the year
6. Any person who provides the town with false or misleading information with respect to any information that may be required in this By-law is guilty of an offense.

SECTION 8 -  IDENTIFICATION OF DOG TEAM DOGS
1. The Municipality shall identify each Dog Team Dog in a Dog Team by means of  dog tag and when and if available from the Municipality a subcutaneous microchip. 
2. Each Dog Team Dog in a registered Dog Team shall be issued an Identification Tag and shall have it attached to its collar. Dog Team Dog Identification Tags shall be easily distinguishable from any other tag issued by the Municipality.
3. Any replacement tags shall be issued free of charge by the Municipality. 

SECTION 9 - DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS
1. Except as provided in this By-law, Dog Teams within the Municipality of Iqaluit shall  be kept in Designated Dog Team Areas as identified in Appendix "G" and subsequent amendments to Schedule "G".
2. Upon the adoption by Council of this By-law an "Original Dog Team Designated Areas" list shall be identified and approved by Council, by resolution,  in Appendix "G" of this By-law.
3. In deciding upon Appendix "G" the list of Original Dog Team Designated Areas in Section 9.1 above, Council shall consider the history of the Dog Team Area with respect to safety and thoughtful management by the particular Owner. 
4. A Dog Team Owner may keep a bitch with suckling puppies to a maximum of 8 months at a residence if confined to a kennel approved by the Animal Control Officer or at large upon special written approval of the Animal Control Officer.
5. Exceptions to Section 9.4 may apply, upon written permission from the Animal Control Officer.
6. A Dog Team Owner may keep any injured or sick Dog Team Dog at a residence while it is convalescing or being treated for its injuries or sickness.
7. All Designated Dog Team Areas shall be subject to annual review with the possibility of revision per the provisions of this By-law.
8. All Designated Dog Team Areas on private property,  or that are  owner-specific, or that are in residential areas shall not be transferable to new Dog Team Owners or to new or other areas.

SECTION 10 - DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREA SELECTION COMMITTEE
1. A committee, called the "Designated Dog Team Area Selection Committee (DDTASC)" shall be established by Council, in accordance to its Procedures By-law.  The Committee shall be made up of the following:
a)  A Councillor.
b)  Two Dog Team Owners
c)  Two members at large.
2. The Committee shall be supported administratively by the Municipal Administration and/or By-law Department.
3. The Mayor shall consult with the Committee before Council appoints the Council representative to this Committee.
4. The DDTASC shall be responsible for the following: 
a) To review and provide input to Council regarding its proposed Original Designated Dog Team Areas
b) Subsequent to a) above, consider and make recommendations regarding additions and deletions to the Original  Designated Dog Team Areas based on the Criteria for the Designation of Dog Team Areas to be presented to the Planning Committee of Council for recommendation to Council; 
c) To annually review each Designated Dog Team Area and present an annual report on the "Designated Dog Team Areas"  to the Planning Committee of Council;
d) To provide advice to the Municipality Administration in ensuring the Designated Areas are well signed, well publicized and on how best to ensure safety; and
e) To assist in public education efforts with regard to Dog Teams and Designated Dog Team Areas.

SECTION 11 - PRINCIPLES AND CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION AND REVISION OF DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS
1. The principles that shall be used to guide the selection of Designated Dog Team Areas are as follows:
a)  Public safety: Public Safety shall be the upper most  principle for the selection of Designated Dog Team Areas. 
b)  The preservation of the Canadian Inuit Dog and promotion of related Dog Team Activities. This By-law shall not in any way serve to eliminate or unreasonably restrict the Canadian Inuit Dog and related Dog Team Activities; and
c)  The necessity for proper socialization of Canadian Inuit Dogs. Canadian Inuit Dogs are friendlier and less likely to be dangerous when they are kept close to humans where interaction with the Dogs is constant and daily.
2. Based on the Principles set out in Section 11.1 the criteria for the selection of Designated Dog Team Areas shall be as follows:
a)  Designated Dog Team Areas should be in areas which are highly visible;
b)  Designated Dog Team Areas should be in areas where there are low volumes of human traffic;
c)  Designated Dog Team Areas should be away from areas with high density child populations;
d) Designated Dog Team Areas shall be away from schools, playgrounds, shopping areas and designated pedestrian walk-ways;
e)  Designated Dog Team Areas should be in areas where there is easy and safe  access to the land and/or sea ice;
f)  Designated Dog Team Areas should allow for easy access to the dogs by the Dog Team Owner;
g) Designated Dog Team Areas should allow for the humane keeping of dogs including but not limited to, access to water in the summer.

SECTION 12 - PROCESS FOR DESIGNATING DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS         BEYOND ORIGINAL DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS
1. Council shall,  upon adoption of this By-law, approve the  Original Designated Dog Team Areas,  Appendix "G",  by resolution and in conformance with the provisions of this By-law. The following sections provides for selecting all Designated Dog Team Areas thereafter.
2. Original Designated Dog Team Areas shall be listed in Appendix "G" and any additions or deletions to the original Appendix "G"  shall follow in numeric order.  For illustrative purposes, that is to say - G-1, G-2, G-3, etc.
3. Request for designation of a Designated Dog Team Area beyond those Original  Designated Dog Team Areas approved by Council in Appendix "G" shall be limited and considered as exceptions or variances to Appendix "G".
4. Such variances to Appendix G, may either be accepted or refused based on the Principles and Criteria for the Selection of Designated Dog Team Areas set out in Section 9 of this By-law.
5. Request for the Designation of a Dog Team Area shall be submitted to the  Municipality with sufficient information to be able to conduct an initial screening of the request against the Principles and Criteria for the Selection of Dog Team Areas. The initial screening of request will be undertaken by the By-law Department or Municipal Administration.
6. Within twenty (20) working days of  receipt of the request, the Municipality Administration shall either:
a) refuse the request for designation and inform the person making the request of the reasons for the refusal; or
b) forward the request to the DDTASC for their consideration.
7. Within thirty (30) working days of the receipt of a request for designation the DDTASC shall consider the request and shall either:
a) refuse the request for designation and inform the Person making the request for the reasons for the refusal; or
b) approve the request for designation with conditions to reasonably ameliorate the prevention of incidents. This will as a general rule require enclosed pens of a prescribed dimension unless reasoned otherwise by the DDTASC. The DDTASC shall forward its conditional approval to the Planning Committee of Council; or
c) recommend approval of the request and forward it to the Planning Committee of Council.
8. In considering a request for designation, the DDTASC may take such reasonable steps to investigate the appropriateness of the request as measured against the Principles and Criteria for the Selection of Dog Team Areas, including, but not limited to:
a) Inviting the Person making the request and any citizens who may be affected by the designation to meet with the DDTASC;
b) Seeking input from residents from the vicinity of the area.
9. Upon receiving a request for designation from the DDTASC, the Planning Committee of Council shall consider the request and shall either:
a) refuse the request for designation and inform the DDTASC for the reasons of the refusal and return the request to the DDTASC for reconsideration; or
b) recommend Council approve the request.
10. Should a request be refused by Planning Committee the person making the request may seek to have the request heard by the Municipal Council. The decision of the Municipal Council shall be final.
11. In considering a complaint of Persons regarding designation, the DDTASC may  take such reasonable steps to investigate the appropriateness of the complaint as measured against the Principles and Criteria for the Selection of Dog Team Areas, including, but not limited to:
a) Inviting the Person making the complaint and any citizens who may be affected to meet with the DDTASC;
b) Seeking input from residents from the vicinity of the area.
12. Should a DDTA be recommended for revocation by the DDTASC to the Planning Committee and in turn to the Council,  the Person facing revocation  may seek to have his concerns heard by the Municipal Council. The decision of the Municipal Council shall be final.

SECTION 13 - KEEPING DOGS WITHIN DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS
1. Designated Dog Team Areas shall be restricted to people other then Dog Team Owners, or their designates, and Animal Control Officers.  Any  other Person that is found in a Designated Dog Team Area is guilty of an offense, unless that Person is there to release or aid an injured or a distressed Dog or a Person in distress.
2. Where not penned, Dog Team Dogs shall be kept tethered on chains no longer than 2 metres in length.  There shall be a minimum distance of 1 metres between all animals on a common chain.
3. Dog Team Dogs shall be checked by the Dog Team Owner or designate a minimum of once per day.
4. Dog Team Owners shall feed and provide water as required for the healthy upkeep of the Dog Team Dogs.  Dogs who are determined, by the Animal Control Officer, to be undernourished shall be apprehended by the Animal Control Officer after consultation with the Dog Team Owners who are members of the DDTASC.
5. The Dog Team Owner shall keep vaccinations  for each Dog Team Dog current for the following:
a) Rabies;
b) Distemper;
c) Parvovirus;
d) Adenovirus;
e) Parainfluenza; and other diseases reasonably deemed appropriate by the Dog Control Officer

SECTION 14 - SIGNAGE AND PUBLIC INFORMATION
1. Signage to indicate the presence of a Dog Team Area shall be provided by the Municipality to indicate the presence of a Designated Dog Team Area.
2. Signage shall be erected by the Dog Team Owner with the assistance of the Municipality to inform the public of the presence of a Dog Team Area.
3. Designated Dog Team Areas shall be kept clean and free of debris by the Dog Team Owners except in cases where debris is the responsibility of the Municipality of Iqaluit or a commercial and/or private person.
4. Dog Team Owners shall inform the Municipality Administration when the Dog Teams are moved from one Designated Dog Team Area to another.
5. The Municipality shall keep the public informed regularly of the whereabouts of Dog Teams and Designated Dog Team Areas by publication of a map indicating the Designated Dog Team Areas and by public service announcements.

SECTION 15  - PREVENTION OF CRUELTY
1. No Dog Team Owner shall allow a Dog Team Dog to remain unfed or unwatered long enough to amount to cruelty.
2. No Person shall punish or abuse a Dog Team Dog in a manner or to an extent that is cruel or unnecessary.
3. Any Person who teases, torments, annoys, abuses or injures a Dog Team Dog is guilty of an offense.
4. Unless otherwise authorized by this By-law, any Person who kills a Dog Team  Dog without the authorization of the Dog Team Owner is guilty of an offense.
5. Unless otherwise authorized by this By-law, any Person, who without the authorization of the Dog Team Owner, unties or lets loose a Dog Team Dog that is not in distress, is guilty of an offense.

SECTION 16  - TRAVEL BY DOG TEAM WITHIN MUNICIPAL BOUNDARIES
1. Dog Teams may be driven on such roads and paths within the Municipality in a safe manner so as to access the land or sea ice from a Designated Dog Team Area.  These routes shall be called "Designated Dog Team Routes" and shall identified and form part of Appendix "G"  and amendments thereto based on access and egress to/from the Designated Dog Team Areas.
2. These designated Dog Team Routes  shall be appropriately identified with signage and other means.
3. Dog Teams shall be driven in a safe manner on these designated dog team routes.
4. Dog Teams shall have the right of way when encountering other vehicles on theses designated routes. Other vehicles shall give Dog Teams ample space  to be able to continue traveling.
5. Dog Teams may be driven in a safe manner in other areas of the Municipality  when participating in a special event and with the written permission of the Municipality Administration.

SECTION 17 - POWERS OF THE DOG CONTROL OFFICER
1. Except as otherwise provided herein, a Dog Control Officer is empowered to carry out the duties described herein and to enforce the provisions of this By-law.
2. A  Dog Control Officer is authorized to capture and impound in the Municipality Dog Shelter any Dog Team Dog which is At Large.
3. Notwithstanding any other provision of this By-law, an Animal Control Officer is authorized to capture and impound any Dog Team Dog that he or she has reasonable grounds to believe has pursued or attacked a Person or other animals.
4. Upon capturing and impounding and a Dog Team Dog, the Dog Control Officer shall immediately attempt to contact the Dog Team Owner and shall continue to attempt to contact the Dog Team Owner until the Dog Team Dog ceases to be impounded per the provisions of this By-law.
5. All impounded Dog Team Dogs must  be kept in the Municipality Dog Shelter for a minimum period of seventy-two (72) hours.  Sundays and Statutory holidays shall not be included in the computation of the seventy-two (72) hour period.  During this period, any Dog Team Dog may be redeemed by the Dog Team Owner, except as otherwise provided in this By-law, upon payment to the Municipality or its authorized agent if:
a) The appropriate impoundment fee as set out in Schedule "A" of this By-law; and,
b) The appropriate License Fee when the Dog Team Dog is not licensed pursuant to this By-law; and,
c) The cost of any treatment of any Dog Team Dog that is found to be injured when captured or injured in the process of capture. 
6. A Canadian Inuit Dog that is impounded and cannot be identified or should remain unclaimed after seventy two (72) hours, the Dog Control Officer shall give notice to all other Dog Team Owners and allow any Dog Team Owner to claim the Dog Team Dog.
7. If at the end of the period of impoundment, the Dog Team Dog remains unclaimed, the Dog Control Officer may:
a) If suitable,  offer the Dog Team Dog for sale;
b) Destroy the Dog Team Dog in a humane manner;
c) Allow the Dog Team Dog to be redeemed in accordance with the provisions of Section 17.5 of this By-law; or
d) Continue to impound the Dog for an indefinite period of time.
8. Upon payment of a fee as set out in Schedule "A" of this By-law, a Dog Control Officer may destroy a Dog Team Dog when the Dog Team Owner signs a form approved by the Town Administration indicating that the Dog Team Owner waives all rights of ownership and requests the Municipality to destroy the Dog Team Dog.
9. If a Dog Team Dog is reasonably believed to have rabies, the Dog Team Dog may be seized and turned over to the RCMP or Renewable Resources.

SECTION 18 - PENALTY PROVISIONS
1. Any person who contravenes any provision of this By-law is guilty of an offense and is liable on summary conviction to a fine as set out in Schedule "XX" of this By-law.
2. An Animal Control Officer who has reasonable grounds to believe that a person is violating any provision of this By-law may give such person written notice of intention to prosecute in the form of a ticket as defined in the Summary Conviction Procedures Act, and amendments thereto, setting forth the date, time, and place of the offense; briefly stating the nature of the offense; stating that payment may be made under this By-law.
3. A person who has received a ticket pursuant to Section 16 in respect of an alleged offense under this By-law, may, after receipt of such ticket, in lieu of prosecution under this By-law, pay to the Municipality such penalty as is set out in Schedule "B" attached hereto and part of this By-law.
4. Any person who violates a provision of this By-law and does not pay the imposed fine is liable to prosecution under the Summary Convictions procedure Act.
5. No compensation or damages shall be paid to an owner whose dog has been injured, destroyed or otherwise disposed of, pursuant to this By-law.

SCHEDULES A, B, C, D, AND E ARE ATTACHED AND MAY BE CHANGED FROM TIME TO TIME BY RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL.

"A" FEES
"B" FINES
"C" DOG LICENSE APPLICATION
"D" SYMPTOMS OF RABIES
"E" AFFIDAVIT TO DESTROY ANIMAL
"F" DECLARATION OF USE OF DOG TEAM FOR HARVESTING PURPOSES
"G" LIST OF ORIGINAL DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS & DOG TEAM ROUTES
"G-#" LIST OF NEW DESIGNATED DOG TEAM AREAS & DOG TEAM ROUTES

Return to top of page