The Fan Hitch Volume 6, Number 3, June 2004

Journal of the Inuit Sled Dog International

Table of Contents

Editorial: Who Are You and What Do Want?
Fan Mail
F.I.D.O.: Ludovic Pirani
Geronimo's Travels
The Breeding and Maintenance of Sledge Dogs: Part I
How We Met Tom
Dog Yard Tips
Setting a New Standard
In the News
Behavior Notebook: Qiniliq and Sunny
IMHO: Unnecessary Roughness

Navigating This Site

Index of articles by subject

Index of back issues by volume number

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Articles to download and print

Ordering Ken MacRury's Thesis

Our comprehensive list of resources

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ISDI home page

Editor's/Publisher's Statement
Editor-in-Chief: Sue Hamilton
Webmaster: Mark Hamilton
Print Edition: Imaged and distributed by the IPL students of the Ulluriaq School, Kangiqsualujjuaq, Nunavik
The Fan Hitch, Journal of the Inuit Sled Dog International, is published four times a year. It is available at no cost online at:

Print subscriptions: in Canada $20.00, in USA $23.00, elsewhere $32.00 per year, postage included. All prices are in Canadian dollars. Make checks payable in Canadian dollars only to "Mark Brazeau", and send to Mark Brazeau, Box 151 Kangiqsualujjuaq QC J0M 1N0 Canada. (Back issues are also available. Contact Sue Hamilton.)

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The Inuit Sled Dog International

The Inuit Sled Dog International (ISDI) is a consortium of enthusiasts whose goal is the preservation of this ancient arctic breed in its purest form as a working dog. The ISDI's efforts are concentrated on restoring the pure Inuit Dog to its native habitat. The ISDI's coordinators welcome to your comments and questions.

ISDI Coordinator Canada:
Geneviève Montcombroux, Box 206, Inwood, MB R0C 1P0;
ISDI Coordinator USA:
Sue Hamilton, 55 Town Line Road, Harwinton, CT 06791,

                                  Nunavut Tourism photo

Setting a New Standard:
Putting Four Thousand Years of Nature-Made Dog into Words

by Sue Hamilton

Changes in a breed standard should raise the bar to reaffirm a breed's  original purpose, not lower it. For example, in the 1994 change to the Alaskan Malamute standard, a new color not previously included (and in an obtuse way was disallowed because "lips black" was specifically described)  was added - red.  Perhaps this may not seem a big deal to those familiar with ISDs, as red  is a common color in our breed and one might go so far as to say that the Alaskan Malamute is nothing more than a watered down (drowned?) descendant of an ISD. On the other hand, this was a very big deal to malamute purists who felt that the campaign by some members of the Alaskan Malamute Club of America to have reds officially included was nothing more than an attempt to legitimize a bastard - to rewrite the breed's history leading to AKC registration. Dog show judges who chose to ignore the words "lips black" as written in the previous standard (a part of the original), were already awarding points to reds and even making champions of a few instead of dismissing them because red dogs can't have black lips (or noses). When the "red brigade" finally managed to ram in enough votes to pass the change, they somehow felt their red dogs were validated. And it all had not one iota to do with the improvement of the Alaskan Malamute as a working sled dog. It was all about the show dog. Plain and simple… and pathetic.

Long time readers of The Fan Hitch (some of whom may breed, own and show red malamutes) have probably heard a variation of this theme from me before. But it is time that this analogy to what is happening in the world of Inuit Sled Dogs is dragged up once again. Why?

Enthusiasts have been howling for years over the decline in numbers of pure Inuit Sled Dogs in arctic Canada, and are seeking various ways to promote its resurgence there. We have heard it said more than once that the younger generation of Inuit don't know what a pure ISD looks like. After all, contamination of the breed began way more than a generation ago, one reason why pure dogs are few and far between. So how can there be a resurgence of pure ISDs in the Arctic if the folks who need to know what a pure ISD actually looks like don't know what a pure ISD actually looks like? Despite  the Nunavut Quest's regulation that competing dogs be "the dogs of our ancestors", many dogs running the Quest are obviously anything but pure. And it is our understanding that this situation is only getting worse. In Nunavik, the situation sounds more hopeful. But we have been informed that the breed description in the Ivakkak Sled Dog Race rules comes from a mid-twentieth century European explorer. His portrayal was somewhat modified by the race participants, based on what they believed the pure dogs were like. With all due respect to them, I am wondering if this might be a conflict of interest. If it isn't so (I offer my apologies), then how could the participants not old enough to have experienced pure dogs know what they were really like? And it was said Nunavik elders were not consulted for their agreement of the breed as it was described in words.

The current official Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) breed description for the Canadian Eskimo Dog (CED) is worthless in defining an Inuit Sled Dog, the pure dog of the CED's ancestors. That breed standard is now a contrivance for those seeking a way to quantify a specimen for purposes of being judged at a dog show - so many points for the head, the tail and body parts in between. To ask Inuit to identify pure ISDs and to reproduce and use them for their original purpose based on the CKC standard is a joke, and a bad one at that. The Inuit Sled Dog was created prior to written language without "benefit" of measuring sticks, protractors, freight scales… and best of breed trophies! 

And so if we wish to continue to see the Inuit Sled Dog alive and well in the land of its origin, and because the number of elders who have the experience to help define the pure ISD are dwindling, a functional standard needs to be created with their oversight, and soon. Elders' descriptions of their dogs need to be put to paper and along with that, their approval of phenotype based on archival early twentieth century photographs showing good typical working pure stock prior to their contamination by dogs brought north from elsewhere.

Who is willing to take up this cause?

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